Adjustable Suspension

The trumpet or strut can be replaced by a threaded nut and bolt arrangement that allows the ride height of the vehicle to be adjusted with a spanner/wrench. Originally used to lower Mini's for racing, they are used in Mokes to raise the ride height for driving as well as to compensate for the sagging suspension problems of the rubber suspension cone. They are cheaper to adjust than to replace the suspension donuts.

ADR(Australian Design Rules.)

An Australian Government set of standards against which vehicle manufacturers have to meet for approval put their vehicles on the road.

Ball and Cup

Connection between the suspension arm and strut/trumpet assembly. Called a Ball and Cup as it is made up of a polished steel ball which rests inside a plastic bush shaped like a cup. It is also used in the rear sub frame and is also known as knuckle joint.

Big Wheeler

Used to identify a Moke built from April 1968 onwards that has 13" wheels as opposed to the earlier 10" wheeled Mokes.

Bumpstop

A small piece of rubber to support the weight of the Moke once the donut or rubber suspension cone has become to flat to be affective. Is the main source of front suspension on most Mokes and Minis sold on ebay.

Californian

Originally given as the name for the 1971-73 Mokes with special body mods destined for the US Virgin Island but were never shipped, see also Export Moke. Name reintroduced in 1977 to specify a trim level of options above the standard poverty pack Moke.

Californian Bumpers

Part of the spiffed up Moke introduced in 1977 was the replacement of the standard straight water pipe bumper bars with a more elaborated design of two bars with curved edges fitted to later model Californian Mokes.

Choke

A Choke is a term of endearment towards the Mokes that are being built in China from around 2007 under the legal name MOKE. It is a combination of CHina MOKE and is sold in Australia by MOKE Australia.

Donut

The Alex Moulten designed rubber suspension cone used on all four corners of the Moke. Also called a rubber cone or suspension cone.

Early Moke

Tends to be used to describe most Mokes built between 1966 and 1979 as the many changes were mostly cosmetic and most part are still interchangeable, except for the Little Wheeler rear trailing arm.

Export Moke

A common name strangely given to probably the only Moke not to be Exported to anywhere, the special order 1971-73 Californian was intended for the US Virgin Islands. The deeper wheel guards and the rear mounted fuel tank and lack of side fill fuel tank filler are the most identifiable attributes of this Moke.

Export Tank

The special production Export or Early Californian Moke used Sprite fuel tank mounted in between the rear subframe and was filled through a small convention filler in the rear wall on the right-hand side.

Fixed Grille

Prior to the Removable grille, the front panel on the Moke was a single piece of pressed sheetmetal that included the grille section.

High Back seats

The same basic steel tube design as the original low back seat but much higher to support the required headrest. Used the sling style cushions and was also the basis for the non sliding Tombstone seats with the addition of a rubber diaphragm in the base to support the persons weight.

HiLo's

Hi-Lo is a particular brand of adjustable suspension but it is a term commonly used to describe all the variants of adjustable suspension.The unique feature of the Hi-Lo adjustable suspension design was that it allowed the ride height to be easily changed without removing the road wheel, almost all other adjustable suspension at least requires the road wheel to be removed.

Knuckle Joint

Connection between the top control arm and strut assembly. So called because you will invariably skin your knuckles getting it out or because it functions like a human knuckle. Also called a Ball and Cup as it is made up of a polished steel ball which rests inside a plastic bush shaped like a cup.

Late Model Moke

Commonly used to refer to the Mokes built from 1980 onwards which have a enough subtle change to ensure you need to distinguish between them and ones produced earlier. Also called Galvanised Mokes or Gal. Mokes

Little Wheeler

The Moke was original designed to use standard Mini drive and suspension components and that included the 10" wheels. From April 1968 onwards all Australian Mokes used some specially made parts that allowed them to use the standard 13" wheels, See Big Wheeler.

Low back seat

Until the ADR requirement for headrests around 1971 the earlier Mokes used a simply style seat frame made of steel tubing that barely reached the shoulder blades on most adults. They used the sling style cushion seating.

Moke

Generic term for use referring to the Mini Moke or Buckboard style utility vehicle that didn't pass muster for the UK Army and has become a collectible cult car. Name derived from English slang word for Work Horse, Mule and Donkey.

Removable Grille

During the later part of 1976 the front grille was made removable by Leyland Australia to make it easier to access the front of the engine.

Rubber Suspension Cone

See also Donut. Alex Moulten designed a suspension system that did away with the traditional spring arrangement and used a fluid system called Hydralastic for a gentle ride. A 'dry' version of the suspension was developed where the rubber suspension cone took the place of the fluid filled bag and this is what was used on all Mokes.

Side Fill tank

Mokes from December 1979 until the end of production use a different fuel tank to earlier years and the filler was move to the outside of the Moke for ADR purposes it is assumed. The side fill tank has a larger capacity and is the easiest means to identify what is called a 'Galvanised' Moke.

Sling Seats

Until the arrival of the Tombstone style seating around 1977 the only upholstery used for seating was a padded cushion that was originally laced on with Rope, but later was sewn on, that slung between the two side rails of the seat frame. Arguably more comfortable, however perhaps not as pretty as the Tombstone seats.

Sunraysia Rims

A steel wheel rim made by the Sunraysia Wheel company for Leyland to fit onto up market Mokes. Also known as a Californian Rim, the 8 spoke white powder coated rims are most common in Disc Brake style but the early ones from 1977 are only suitable for drum brakes due to clearance issue with the disc calipers.

Tombstone

A style of upholstery used on the later Mokes with a Californian trim level that was more conventional looking instead of the Sling type seats.

Top Fill

The majority of Mokes built in Australia had the fuel tank in the left side pod and used a large Landrover style cap on the top of the box to put the petrol in. In mid to late 1979 the large filler was replaced on many Mokes with a smaller more conventional cap for ADR purposes until the Late model Moke was introduced with the side fill tank.

Trumpet

A suspension strut that is used between the Donut and the Ball and Cup joint in the front and rear suspension. They are cone shaped and are sometime replaced by adjustable suspension struts.The rear trumpets are much longer than those used in the front.

Twin Stalk

In an effort to make their operation more convenient, later Mokes had the wiper switch relocated to the left side of the steering column. Which was handy, because they were also no longer self parking. Careless entry or exit will soon convert them back to single stalk!